The history of the island is lost in time. According to ancient Greek mythology, Limnos was the island of Hephaestus, the god of fire and volcanoes. A myth says that he landed on this island when Hera, his mother, had a lover quarrel with Zeus, his father, and when their son Hephaestus tried to intervene, he threw him from Mount Olympus. Hephaestus broke his leg when he landed on the island and remained lame ever after. The people of the island took care of him and in return, the god taught them his art of ironsmith.
Lemnos came under the Persian rule in the 5th century BC and joined the Athenian League after the end of the Persian Wars. After the division of the Roman Empire, Lemnos became part of the Byzantine Empire and a strong Byzantine Castle was built for its protection.
The geographical position of the island and the security of its gulfs upgraded its military position. After the fall of the Byzantine Empire, Lemnos became prey to pirate raids. The island was an object of wars between the Venetians and the Turks and was finally set free in 1912